What is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Therapy?

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ABA Therapy

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a discipline that focuses on the application of behavioral science in a variety of settings such as homes, learning centers, schools, and/or the community with the aim of addressing socially important issues such learning new skills and reducing behavior problems.

Board certified behavior analysts develop individualized programs that utilize contingent reinforcement as well and other important principles of behavior analysis to teach new skills, generalize existing skills, and/or reduce undesirable behaviors.

ABA stresses the need for data based decision making. Program modification should only occur after information and data analysis supports the need for change. Continual data collection allows behavior analysts to quickly identify progress as well as potential concerns.

There are many different teaching strategies included under the umbrella of Applied Behavior Analysis. These include shaping and chaining behaviors that are used to teach many life skills. In addition, ABA therapy includes specific teaching strategies such as discrete trial instruction, pivotal response training, incidental teaching, fluency based instruction and many more. Each of these instructional techniques has a rich empirical support base. The behavior analysts at Indiana Behavior Analysis Academy would be happy to provide you with more information about ABA and the many techniques that can be utilized to teach new skills and/or decrease problematic behavior.

Baer, D.M., Wolf, M.M., & Risley, T.R. (1968). Some current dimensions of applied behavior analysis. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 1, 91-97.

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